Socrates represents the paradigmatic figure of the imprisoned philosopher, like so many others for whom life and intellectual commitment are indissociable. And for that reason paid with their own life. For Michel Foucault Socrates embodies the “courage of truth” and for Bertolt Brecht, in The socratesLife of Galilee, “Thinking is one of the greatest pleasures of the human race.” But from the beginning, thinking is a dangerous activity, for the political and religious powers, feeling threatened by those that interrogate unceasingly and having in their nature the eagerness of knowing without limits.

In this painting, Socrates is surrounded by his followers, sentenced to die by drinking poison hemlock.