«May your Kingdom come soon. May your will be done on earth, as it is in heaven.» – Matthew 6:10

This important quote from the Book of Matthew, a Gospel ethics, was followed through by the Jesuit scientific work, aiming a practical way to show that the opposition between science and religion does not exist and furthermore that a harmony between them is possible. Since their foundation of the Society of Jesus in 1540, an outstanding work can be traced back to the development of Jesuit colleges in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries. This surge of observational astronomy is coincident with the birth and progress of modern science. Mathematics, astronomy, and natural sciences were a fundamental part of the Jesuits academic programs.